A Study on the Feasibility of ‘Lone Wolf’ Terrorists in Korea: Focusing on IS Defector Student Kim’s On-Line Behavior
Since 9/11 attack, internet has become a major space for terrorist activities and also emerged as the most important spot of lone wolf terrorists for acquiring tools and radicalization. The accident of student Kim’s defection to IS (Islamic state) in January 2015 told us that Korea is not any more “terrorism clearance area” and leaded us to look closely into the possibility of lone wolf terrorist.
In this paper, I developed a “lone wolf cyber evolution model” using various materials collected by preceding papers and interviewing investigators and terrorism experts in Korea. I analyze Kim’s radicalization process using this model. And I picked and closely looked over some facilitating factors of lone wolf such as multi-cultural socialization, increase of international migrants, expansion alienation hierarchy and ideological conflicts deepening and predicted the possibility of lone wolf. Finally, this paper presents some effective policy measurements against lone wolf terrorism in Korea.
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