Who Gets Government SME R&D Subsidy? Application of Gradient Boosting Model
In this paper, we build a gradient Boosting model to predict government SME R&D subsidy, select features of high importance, and measure the impact of each features to the predicted subsidy using PDP and SHAP value. Unlike previous empirical researches, we focus on the effect of the R&D subsidy distribution pattern to the incentive of the firms participating subsidy competition. We used the firm data constructed by KISTEP linking government R&D subsidy record with financial statements provided by NICE, and applied a Gradient Boosting model to predict R&D subsidy. We found that firms with higher R&D performance and larger R&D investment tend to have higher R&D subsidies, but firms with higher operation profit or total asset turnover rate tend to have lower R&D subsidies. Our results suggest that current government R&D subsidy distribution pattern provides incentive to improve R&D project performance, but not business performance.
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